When navigating the adjustment of status process, applicants should be aware of certain permissions and restrictions that affect their daily lives. These include employment authorization, travel considerations, and special adjustments for certain immigrant categories.
While an adjustment of status application is pending, the applicant may apply for an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) by filing Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization. This document allows the person to work legally in the United States during the adjudication period. It’s important for the applicant to understand that working without an EAD can lead to issues with their application.
Travel During Pending Application
Applicants must be cautious about traveling outside of the United States while their adjustment of status application is pending. To travel abroad, they must obtain Advance Parole by filing Form I-131, Application for Travel Document. Traveling without Advance Parole could result in the abandonment of the adjustment application, effectively terminating the process.
Adjustment for Special Immigrants
Certain applicants, such as those with a special immigrant visa (e.g., religious workers, international broadcasters, or Afghan or Iraqi translators), have unique pathways for adjusting their status. The process for special immigrants might also include changing the basis of their adjustment if a more advantageous category becomes available. Careful coordination and timing are critical for special immigrants to adjust their status successfully without experiencing delays or jeopardizing their application.