Understanding I-485 Denial Reasons
When an I-485 Application is denied, it is typically due to specific issues that fall under defined categories. These categories outline why an applicant did not qualify for adjustment of status.
Eligibility Criteria Not Met
Applicants must meet certain eligibility requirements to qualify for an adjustment of status. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will deny an I-485 application if the applicant fails to prove eligibility, such as not having an immigrant visa immediately available or not having a qualifying relationship to the petitioner.
Application Errors or Omissions
The USCIS meticulously inspects the application for completeness and accuracy. Any errors or omissions can lead to a denial. This may include incorrect information, missing signatures, or failure to provide necessary supporting documents.
Criminal History or Security Concerns
Criminal convictions or activities that raise security concerns are serious grounds for denial. An applicant with a criminal record must disclose this information, and USCIS determines eligibility on a case-by-case basis.
Public Charge Grounds
If an applicant is likely to become a public charge, or financially dependent on the government, the application can be denied. USCIS considers an applicant’s age, health, income, education, and other factors to make this determination.
Prior immigration violations, such as overstaying a visa or working without authorization, can impact the outcome of an I-485 application. A history of violating immigration laws may render an applicant ineligible for adjustment of status.
Medical Examination Failures
All applicants must undergo a medical examination. Failures to pass this exam due to certain health conditions can result in a denial. These conditions may include communicable diseases of public health significance, lack of required vaccinations, or substance abuse issues.