Understanding the Notice of Action
The “Notice of Action” (Form I-797) is utilized by USCIS to communicate official matters to applicants. It signifies multiple types of processes, from receipt of an application to its approval.
Notice of Action Type 1 (I-797C)
When one submits an application or petition to USCIS, they issue a Form I-797C, Notice of Action, primarily as a receipt indicating that the submission has been received. In some instances, it is also used as a rejection notice or a request for additional evidence.
Approval Notice (I-797A & I-797B)
Form I-797A and Form I-797B serve as approval notices. The I-797A includes an attached Form I-94 and is issued to applicants seeking to adjust status from within the United States. Form I-797B is usually provided when a person has been approved for a non-immigrant work visa and is processed outside of the US, without the Form I-94 attached.
Notice of Action Type 2 (I-797D)
The I-797D accompanies benefit cards and certain documents to indicate an approved benefit. It confirms the delivery of related documents and their authenticity.
Replacement of Form I-94 (I-797A)
Form I-797A, in addition to operating as an approval notice, also functions to replace a lost, stolen, or damaged Form I-94. This form serves as evidence of an individual’s legal status and authorization to stay and work in the United States.