Historical Processing Time Trends
Historical trends of Form I-485 processing times have varied due to numerous factors, including policy changes, fluctuating application volumes, and operational adjustments within the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Analyzing historical processing times is crucial for understanding the performance and expectations regarding the adjudication of the Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status.
For example, as of June 30, 2021, initial DACA requests took an average of 5.9 months to process. In contrast, processing times for employment-based or family-based Form I-485 cases were tied to the National Benefits Center and required checking specific local field office times.
Trends show that policy changes can significantly impact processing times. When statutory authorization related to the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Regional Center Program expired on June 30, 2021, it directly affected related processing timelines.
The USCIS periodically releases official reports that include a historical average of processing times, which provides insights into how these times have evolved. For instance:
- Processing trends for Form I-526 typically reflect data from completed cases of the prior month.
- Moreover, form-specific trends are analyzed over the last five fiscal years, along with discussions of policies or changes impacting the process.
A typical report might contain the following table to convey the processing time trends:
|Historical Average Processing Time
Such data allows for a clearer understanding of processing time expectations, while also highlighting the need for ongoing analysis as the immigration landscape continuously shifts.