Stages of Form I-130 Processing
The Form I-130 processing involves several stages, each critical to the immigration application for a family member. These phases ensure the proper verification and approval of a Petition for Alien Relative.
Receipt of Application
After filing Form I-130, USCIS acknowledges receipt of the application typically within 2 to 4 weeks. Applicants receive a notice confirming that USCIS has received their paperwork and will process it accordingly.
During the initial review, USCIS examines Form I-130 to ensure it is complete and accompanied by all the required supporting documentation. This phase is crucial as missing information can lead to delays or a denial.
In the adjudication process, an immigration officer assesses all details provided, evaluating the veracity of the relationship and eligibility for immigration benefits. This step may include extensive background checks and can vary in duration, often taking several months.
Once the Form I-130 is adjudicated, the applicant will be notified of the decision. If approved, the case moves forward to the National Visa Center for further processing, an immigrant visa coordination, or status adjustment if the beneficiary is already in the U.S.