Can I File Form I-485 with an Expired Passport: Understanding USCIS Regulations


When individuals apply for an adjustment of status in the United States through Form I-485, they may encounter various questions about the necessary documentation. One common query pertains to whether an expired passport can be used when filing Form I-485. The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) allows applicants to file for an adjustment of status with an expired passport. This provision enables individuals to proceed with their application even if their passport is not currently valid.

The process of adjusting status to a lawful permanent resident requires several forms of identification and documentation. Having an expired passport raises concerns for applicants about potential complications or delays in their application process.

Eligibility for Filing Form I-485

When applying for an adjustment of status through Form I-485, applicants must meet specific eligibility requirements established by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Valid identification documents, among other criteria, play a critical role in the application process.

Expired Passport Considerations

An individual’s passport validity may impact the filing of Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status. Although USCIS generally requires a copy of a government-issued identity document with a photograph, such as a passport, the instructions do not explicitly state that the passport must be unexpired. However, applicants should be aware that an expired passport might not be considered a valid form of identification. It is advised that individuals renew their passport before filing if possible or consult with an immigration attorney to assess the potential implications of submitting an application with an expired passport.

Adjustment of Status Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for filing Form I-485 are comprehensive and include:

  • Visa Availability: The applicant must have an immigrant visa immediately available at the time of filing.
  • Valid Immigration Petition: The applicant typically needs an approved immigration petition, which may be family-based or employment-based.
  • Lawful Entry: The individual must have been inspected and admitted or paroled into the United States, except for certain categories such as asylees.
  • Substantive Eligibility: The applicant meets the specific qualifications for the immigrant category under which they are applying.
  • Admissibility: The individual is not inadmissible to the United States for public health, criminal, security, or other grounds.

An applicant’s eligibility must be supported by substantial evidence, including but not limited to valid identification, proof of inspected entry, and the immigrant petition approval notice where applicable.

Completing Form I-485

When completing Form I-485, individuals must diligently gather the necessary documents despite passport validity, adhere to photograph guidelines, and understand the fee structure and potential exemptions.

Documentation Requirements

To ensure a smooth processing of Form I-485, applicants must adhere to the 485 application requirements. Essential documentation encompasses a government-issued photo ID copy, birth certificate, and records of any legal name changes. Surprisingly, an expired passport is acceptable for filing, yet it doesn’t exempt applicants from including other vital supporting documents that might be crucial for the application’s success. Understanding and fulfilling these requirements are key steps towards a successful adjustment of status.

Photograph Specifications

USCIS requires two passport-style photographs taken within 30 days before submission of Form I-485. Photos must be in color, sized at 2 inches by 2 inches, and taken against a plain white or off-white background. The applicant’s full face must be visible, and he or she should not wear any garment or accessory that obscures identification.

Application Fees and Exemptions

The application fee for Form I-485 varies based on the applicant’s age and whether biometric services are required. As of the given date, the fee can range from $750 to $1,140. Certain exemptions apply, including for refugees or asylees. Fee exemptions may also be granted on a case-by-case basis due to financial hardship. Applicants are advised to check the USCIS website for the most current fee structure before submission.

The Filing Process

When an individual with an expired passport wishes to adjust their status in the United States, they are allowed to file Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status. Understanding where to file, what to expect at the biometrics appointment, and the anticipated receipt and processing times is crucial for a smooth application process.

Where to File

Form I-485 should be submitted to the appropriate address provided by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Applicants can determine the correct filing location based on their specific eligibility category. USCIS’s website offers a direct filing addresses guide for Form I-485.

Biometrics Appointment

After filing, applicants receive a notice to attend a biometrics appointment at an Application Support Center (ASC). At this appointment, USCIS collects fingerprints, a photograph, and a signature to confirm identity and conduct necessary background checks.

Receipt and Processing Times

Once the form is filed, the applicant will receive a receipt notice from USCIS. The processing times for Form I-485 vary and are updated regularly on the USCIS website. Applicants can track their case status using the receipt number provided on their notice.

Potential Issues and Resolutions

When filing Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, with an expired passport, applicants may confront specific challenges. However, there are established solutions to address these issues.

Waivers for Expired Documents

In some circumstances, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) may permit the use of an expired passport when filing Form I-485. Applicants should include the expired passport number, expiration date, and the country of issuance in the form. Critical evidence within an expired passport that establishes eligibility for adjustment of status may still be considered valid. Applicants can explain the reasons for an expired passport in their application and demonstrate why they cannot provide a valid, unexpired one.

Renewing Your Passport Before Filing

It is recommended to renew one’s passport prior to filing Form I-485 if possible. A current and valid passport eliminates potential complications and is often required for international travel, even after obtaining a green card. If a receipt for the new passport application is available, it may be beneficial to include a copy when submitting Form I-485. This shows proactive steps have been taken to rectify the expired document and can be supportive of one’s case.

After Submission

Once Form I-485 has been filed, even with an expired passport, the applicant will receive notices regarding the next steps in their adjustment of status process. An applicant must be prepared to provide alternate forms of identification for subsequent requirements.

Notice of Action

After submitting Form I-485, the applicant should expect to receive a Notice of Action (Form I-797C), confirming that USCIS has received the application. This document is vital as it indicates the official commencement of the processing period. The applicant should carefully review this notice for any instructions or requests for additional evidence.

Work Authorization and Travel

Applicants who seek to work or travel while their Form I-485 is being processed may apply for an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) and Advance Parole. If such documents are required, applicants can file Form I-765 for work authorization and Form I-131 for travel permission. Without a valid passport, obtaining an EAD and Advance Parole may be challenging, and applicants are advised to renew their passports or seek alternative identification recognized by USCIS for these purposes.

Legal Considerations

When filing Form I-485, Adjustment of Status, certain legal considerations must be taken into account, particularly regarding the validity of one’s passport. These considerations influence the application process and potential outcomes.

Seeking Legal Advice

It is strongly recommended that individuals consult with an immigration attorney if they are filing Form I-485 with an expired passport. Immigration laws and policies are subject to change, and a licensed attorney can provide the most current and relevant advice. An attorney can also advise on whether an applicant may need to renew their passport before submitting their application.

Consequences of Filing with Expired Passport

Filing Form I-485 with an expired passport does not automatically lead to a denial of the application according to some legal opinions. However, applicants should be aware of the following potential issues:

  • USCIS Request for Evidence (RFE): An expired passport might trigger an RFE, where USCIS requests a valid unexpired passport.
  • Travel Complications: If the individual plans to travel internationally, they will need a valid passport upon re-entry to the United States.
  • Employment Authorization Document (EAD) Delays: An expired passport may cause delays in obtaining an EAD if the passport validity is a requirement at the time of filing.

Applicants should verify current requirements with USCIS or an immigration lawyer to ensure compliance and avoid potential setbacks.

Additional Resources

This section provides contact information for the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and links to key government websites for further assistance with filing Form I-485, even if one has an expired passport.

USCIS Contact Information

For direct assistance, applicants can reach out to USCIS at:

Helpful Government Websites

A selection of government websites that provide step-by-step guidance and relevant forms include:

  • USCIS Official Website:
    • Find forms, filing fees, and detailed instructions on applying for a Green Card.
  • Form I-485 Information:
    • Directly access the application to adjust status and learn about the filing process.